Switchful Logo

Understanding your internet bill

Headshot of Dave Schafer
Researched by
Dave SchaferContributing Writer
Headshot of Bri Field
Reviewed by
Bri FieldAssigning Editor
Updated 3/2/23

We’re committed to transparency. We may earn money when you follow our recommendations, but compensation doesn’t affect our ratings. Learn more.

For a service that’s so simple, internet bills can be surprisingly confusing. It’s common to see a list of fees that seems to go on forever, and in many cases, it’s not clear exactly what you’re being charged for.

To help clear up the confusion, we’ve put together this guide to the most common charges you’ll see on your internet bill. Charges generally fall into two main categories: regular monthly charges and one-time charges.

An infographic displaying the three most common internet bill charges

Regular charges are costs that you will see consistently on your bill. These charges will usually be the same amount each month, unless you have a promotion that gives you a discount for a predetermined time period.

One-time charges, as the name implies, are expenses that only occur once, usually for a specific reason, like a late payment fee. If you're seeing them consistently, like a data overage charge, it might mean you need to upgrade your plan.

While your specific bill might have slightly different categories or give a charge a different name, most of the fees on your bill should fall under one of these umbrellas.

Regular monthly charges

The regular monthly charges on your bill are those you can expect to see every month. They include the services you signed up for with your provider, plus any add-ons, upgrades, and equipment fees that are part of your monthly bill.

These charges usually make up the bulk of your bill and shouldn’t change much (if at all) from month to month. On most bills, you’ll find these charges at the top.

Service package

This is the internet plan you chose when you subscribed to the service. It’s the core product you’re paying your internet service provider (ISP) for, and it’s probably the most expensive single item on the bill. Prices for internet service packages depend on your provider and chosen internet speed. They typically range from as little as $30 per month to as much as $300 per month for the 3 Gbps plan from Xfinity.

If you want to save on your service package, check out our guide to the best cheap internet providers.

Add-ons and upgrades

Your bill may include additional monthly charges for service upgrades or other add-ons. For example, some providers have data caps on their plans but allow you to pay a monthly fee to remove the limit. These providers include:

If you bundle your internet service with TV, you might also see charges for TV add-ons, like premium channels or sports packages.

Finally, some providers still charge a fee for Wi-Fi service (yes, really). Fortunately, this is becoming increasingly rare.

Equipment and service charges

If you rent a modem, wireless router, or gateway from your ISP, you’ll likely see those charges in an “Equipment” section. You might also see charges for any wireless extenders or extra mesh network devices you rent, and if you bundle with TV service, you’ll likely have TV box and DVR fees each month.

The main gateway is usually $12–$15 per month, though it can be less (even free, with some providers). Extenders run from $3–$5 per month. TV boxes and DVR fees vary more widely, but they’re usually between $10–$20 per month (each).

Sales taxes

Finally, no internet bill is complete without sales taxes. Depending on where you live, you might pay state, county, or city taxes, typically as a percentage of your internet bill. Sales tax could raise your bill by anywhere from just a few bucks to more than $10.

Junk fees

Junk fees are things the provider charges you without adding any value to your service or benefit to you. Really, these are just the cost of doing business for the internet company, but the provider has decided to pass along those costs to you. Even though most junk fees are regular monthly fees, we thought they deserved a special callout.

Pass-through regulatory fees

These fees are costs that the government requires internet providers to pay. While the government doesn't mandate that customers pay these fees, some providers pass the costs along to their customers. If the provider bills you for these items separately, it can push these fees into the small print, rather than include them in advertised prices.

Although internet bills typically have fewer pass-through fees than TV bills, these kinds of fees are becoming more common. You might see some of these on your bill:

  • Universal Service Charge: Providers use this fee to pay what they owe the government for funding the Universal Service Fund. This is a fee the provider is responsible for paying to the government to help fund affordable broadband internet and phone service for low-income households, rural healthcare facilities, Tribal lands, schools, and libraries.
  • 911 surcharge or E-911 fee: These fees help fund emergency dispatch centers. The amount can run from a mere $0.20 to $4 per month, but it varies by state.
  • Franchise fee: Providers use this fee to help cover their costs for using public lands to access infrastructure. Expect around $10.

Service and infrastructure fees

These are fees providers charge to cover some of their infrastructure costs. Different companies use different names, and some don’t charge these fees at all. Generally, these items add $2.50–$10 to your bill. Although these fees often show up under the “Taxes and Fees” category of an internet bill, they have nothing to do with the government, and Uncle Sam doesn’t require these charges.

Here are some of the names we’ve seen:

  • Network access and maintenance fee
  • Network enhancement fee
  • Broadband cost recovery fee
  • Internet infrastructure fee
  • Municipal construction charge
  • Administration fee
  • Technology service fee
  • High-speed network recovery fee

While many companies charge these mysterious fees, you’re most likely to see them from these providers (1):

One-time charges

Besides your regular monthly charges, you may find any number of one-time charges for items like installation, late payment, or data overages. These are often listed after the regular charges on your bill.

Installation fee

If you’ve just set up service with a provider, your first bill may have an installation fee attached. Not every ISP charges a fee for installation, and you can sometimes get it waived with certain promotions. If you do end up paying for installation, the fee is typically between $50 and $100. However, if your home needed additional wiring or other work done to set up your service, this charge could be higher.

Activation fee

Some providers charge an activation fee that appears on the first bill. Sometimes this replaces the installation fee, and sometimes it’s additional. We’ll be honest—we’re not 100% clear on why this is necessary. However, if you see it on your first bill, don’t be surprised.

Early termination fee

If you’re receiving your final bill from your ISP, and you had to sign a contract or service agreement, you may see an early termination fee (ETF). ETFs are almost always based on how much time is left in your contract, so the earlier you cancel, the more you’ll pay.

The exact amount charged per month varies, but usually, it falls between $12 and $24 per month remaining. That means if you cancel near the beginning of the contract term, the ETF can be well over $200. Fortunately, many providers are moving away from contracts to a month-to-month service model.

Late fees

Many providers charge a late payment fee if you miss your regular payment deadline. Typically, there’s a grace period, but not always. If a provider charges for late payments, it’s usually a flat fee of around $10.

Overage charges

Many providers have data caps on their internet plans, ranging from a few hundred gigabytes to 1 TB or more. If you exceed these limits, they either slow your internet speed or, more commonly, charge an overage fee.

The most common fee structure here is $10 per 50 GB over the cap. So, if you exceed your data limit, you’ll be charged $10 and given an extra 50 GB of data for the month. If you exceed that, you’ll be charged another $10 and given another 50 GB, and so on. This can get expensive, especially with today’s fast speeds and the high data use of video streaming. An HD stream can use up to 3 GB per hour, and streaming in 4K can eat up a whopping 7–10 GB per hour.

While anyone can accidentally exceed their data cap and wind up paying data overages, satellite internet customers using Viasat and HughesNet should be extra vigilant. These companies have extremely low data caps, and it’s all too easy to go over them.

Other one-time charges

There may be other one-time charges on your bill. These vary by provider and the services and add-ons they offer. For example, Mediacom charges a “Wi-Fi certification fee” on the first bill. If you bundle services, you might see charges for pay-per-view programming or movie rentals.


Discounts can be a great way to lower your internet bill, but they can also be confusing. Often, providers don’t fully explain why you’re getting the discount—or how long it will last. Here are some of the discounts you might see on your bill.

Paperless billing and autopay discounts

These are some of the most common discounts we see, and you can usually save $5–$10 with them. You’ll get a paperless billing discount if you agree to receive all your bills and other documents online instead of in the mail. You’ll get an autopay discount if you connect a credit card or checking account to automatically pay what you owe each month.

Loyalty discounts

These discounts can reward long-time customers with additional savings. How long you have to be a customer to get this discount varies by company, and not all providers offer this discount. While loyalty discounts can certainly save you money, they can seem like a mere consolation prize after a steep first-year price hike.

If you’ve been a loyal customer for at least a year, try asking for a loyalty discount when you negotiate your bill.

Bundle discounts

If you bundle your TV service with internet, home phone, security, or other services, you could already be getting a discount on your bill. Bundling discounts can be hard to spot because some companies show you only the bundle price, not the cost of each service in the bundle. And some bundles don’t save you any money at all.

If you’re not sure whether bundling is saving you money, call your providers and ask for a clear breakdown of your bill. Sometimes, starting the conversation with a question like this can result in negotiating a lower price.

Other discounts

You might have other discounts on your bill because of your life situation. If you receive benefits from the Affordable Connectivity Program, this may be listed on your bill. You might also see a discount for being a student, a member of the military, or a senior.

Internet bill transparency

While internet bills are usually simpler than TV bills, some providers make them easier to understand than others.

Companies with confusing internet bills

  • Optimum: Customers report being billed for Optimum Online—AKA having internet— plus an additional charge that’s based on your plan’s speed. Adding to the confusion, you may be credited part of these costs during your introductory period. It feels like a bunch of accounting sleight of hand instead of a breakdown of charges.
  • Xfinity: Several lawsuits have been filed against Xfinity for its misleading or unfair billing practices. Customers report being charged for service plans and equipment they didn’t ask for, never receiving Visa gift cards they were promised for switching to Xfinity, and increasing prices even though customers locked in their rates.

Unhappy with your internet bill?

Internet bills can be confusing, and we hope this guide has helped make yours a little easier to understand. Internet can also be expensive—if you’re looking to reduce your bill, check out our guides on how to save on your internet bill and how to get free and low-cost internet.

city map lines pattern
If it’s just time to move on, enter your ZIP code to find internet providers in your area.
See all options in your area within seconds.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
This step-by-step guide will walk you through how to switch your home internet service painlessly. It covers how to research providers, what fees and discounts to look out for, and when to schedule your cancellation and installation. By following our guide, you can feel empowered to make the switch with confidence.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
Frontier is our top choice for the best cheap internet provider. You get the incredible performance of fiber, plus no-nonsense terms. No contract is required, data is unlimited, and a router is included at no extra cost. At $50 per month for 500 Mbps speeds, the value is undeniable.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
You’ll probably run into abbreviations like Mbps, Gbps, MB, and GB when researching internet plans. Since these terms are used to measure internet speed and amounts of data, understanding them is important for picking an internet plan that meets your needs.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
To determine the best cheap cable TV providers, we considered a few factors. Cost of service was important, but we also looked at the number of channels you get for that cost, availability, fees, quality of bundling options, and overall quality of service offered.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
There are pros and cons to every internet service provider (ISP), so you should thoroughly research your options before making the switch to someone new.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
As more and more internet providers start offering multi-gig or hyper-gig speeds (anything faster than 1 Gbps), the Switchful team got curious about whether these speeds are helpful for residential users.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
Even if you’re paying for speeds of 1 Gbps or faster for home internet, you probably won’t see those speeds on your devices. Just like that old TV game show from 20 years ago, it’s all about the weakest link.
Switchful article generic thumbnail
Internet providers throughout the US are selling plans with speeds faster than 1 Gbps—also known as multi-gig or hyper-gig internet. Multi-gig internet is theoretically fast enough for dozens of simultaneous video streams or hundreds of video conference calls.

The people behind our research
We believe the best information comes from first-hand customer experience and methodical research by subject-matter experts. We never source information from "content farms," and we don’t generate content using artificial intelligence (AI). You can trust that our recommendations are fact-checked meticulously and sourced appropriately by authentic, industry-recognized people.
Contributing researcher
Headshot of Dave Schafer
Researched by
Dave SchaferContributing Writer

Dave Schafer is a freelance writer with a passion for making technical concepts easy for anyone to understand. He’s been covering the world of gadgets, tech, and the internet for over 8 years, with a particular focus on TV and internet service providers. When he’s not writing, Dave can be found playing guitar or camping with his family and golden retriever, Rosie.

Contributing reviewer
Headshot of Bri Field
Reviewed by
Bri FieldAssigning Editor

Bri Field has a background in academia, research writing, and brand marketing. She has edited scientific publications, conference papers, digital content, and technical communications. As Assigning Editor, she enjoys ensuring all content is accurate, clear, and helpful. In her free time, you can find her in the kitchen trying a new recipe, out on a hike, or working through her massive TBR list.

Endnotes and sources

1. “Broadband Pricing” What Consumer Reports Learned from 22,000 Internet Bills,” Consumer Reports. Accessed 20 February 2023.